Paris Agreement Cyprus

The Paris Agreement and Its Impact on Cyprus

The Paris Agreement, adopted in December 2015, is a landmark international agreement aimed at addressing climate change. The accord aims to keep the global temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius and to pursue efforts to limit it even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The agreement is a result of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and encompasses the efforts of over 190 countries, including Cyprus. In this article, we will examine the Paris Agreement`s implications for Cyprus and its current status regarding the implementation of the agreement.

The Climate Action Plan of Cyprus

Under the Paris Agreement, countries are required to develop their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which outline their commitments and actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Cyprus submitted its NDC on August 28, 2020, committing to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 24% by 2030 compared to the 2005 levels. The plan outlines a series of measures that Cyprus will take to meet this target, which includes increasing the share of renewable energy in electricity production, investing in energy efficiency, and promoting sustainable transport.

Cyprus` Vulnerability to Climate Change

Despite being a small island in the Mediterranean, Cyprus is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including rising sea levels, heatwaves, and droughts. An increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as forest fires and floods are already being observed in the region. According to a report by the European Union, Cyprus is projected to experience a 30% reduction in freshwater availability by 2020, which will have severe consequences on agriculture and the tourism industry.

Challenges in Implementation

Although Cyprus has made significant progress in developing its climate action plan, implementing the measures outlined remains a challenge. The country`s high dependence on fossil fuels and outdated infrastructure present significant barriers to achieving its climate targets. The energy sector is responsible for approximately 60% of greenhouse gas emissions, and improving the efficiency of the sector remains a top priority.


The Paris Agreement presents an opportunity for Cyprus to take meaningful steps towards mitigating the impacts of climate change. Cyprus` NDC demonstrates its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, increasing the use of renewable energy, and improving energy efficiency. However, the country`s vulnerability to climate change and its dependence on fossil fuels require urgent action. The government must prioritize the adoption of policies and measures that will support the transition towards a low-carbon economy, including investments in renewable energy, energy-efficient infrastructure, and sustainable transport. By doing so, Cyprus can become a leader in the fight against climate change and secure a sustainable future for its people.